Sucrose, which is rich not only in domestic refined products, but also in confectionery, chocolate, milo, soda and other sweets, consists of glucose and fructose – it breaks down into them under the influence of enzymes. Glucose is used by the body immediately, and a glycogen similar in structure to it is deposited in the cells as a reserve for regulating blood sugar. If there is too much glucose, the body hides it “on a rainy day” – in the form of fat.
Fructose is much sweeter than glucose. Of course, excess fructose obtained from free sugars, like glucose, is processed and stored in tissues as fat. However, when we get fructose from fruits, plant fibers that regulate its concentration contribute to its digestibility. Fruits are digested more slowly and, compared to free sugars, enter the bloodstream after a longer time. Due to the lack of scientifically based facts about the adverse effect on the body of sugars obtained from fruits, there are no restrictions on their consumption.
Sugars From Food
So, the main part of sugars from food is used by the body as a quick source of energy: in the presence of oxygen, carbohydrates burn out, activating the muscles and brain. A lack of carbohydrates causes brain disorders, lethargy, drowsiness, but their abundance can also harm the body. In modern conditions, the majority of the population has reduced the amount of muscle work, energy costs have decreased, as a result, the need for carbohydrates has decreased. The appearance of extra pounds contributes to a sedentary lifestyle and excessive consumption of simple (fast) carbohydrates – including sugars.
Every fourth inhabitant of our planet is overweight or suffering from obesity. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized obesity as an epidemic of the twenty-first century. Overweight was recorded in 81% of people with type 2 diabetes. WHO warns: excessive consumption of added sugar is harmful to dental health and contributes to weight gain, which as a result can cause a number of non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cancer and disorders of the cardiovascular system.